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Abstract


IBN AL-MUQAFFA AND ITS ROLE IN THE FORMATİON OF ISLAMIC SCIENCE
Abu Muhammad Abdullah ibn al-Muqaffa al-Dadavaih, who was born in the beginning of the second century (approximately 102/724), is recognized as an Iranian intelligent, a translator, a writer and a clerk in Abbasids. Ibn al-Muqaffa, who learned Arabic from the Bedouin tribes, has profound knowledge of the Arab, Persian, Indian, and Greek cultures of his time. He was a bureaucrat in various centers, mainly in Basra, and became Muslim in recent years when he was killed on 142/759. Ibn al-Mukaffa brought Arab, Persian, Greek and Indian cultures together in his writings and presented the political and cultural achievements of his period to the service of the Abbasids. In addition to the translations affecting Islamic literature such as Kalila and Dimna, Siyar al-muluk and Kitab al-ayin, he has works such as al-Adab al-kebir, al-Adab al-saghir, Risala al-sahaba. The works of Ibn al-Muqaffa are of great importance in terms of enlightening the relevant period since Islamic sciences were in the process of formation. Especially Risala al-Sahaba gives important clues about the understanding of his era, problems and search for solutions.

Keywords
Abdullah ibn al-Muqaffa, Early Islamic literature, The foundation of Islamic science


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