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Abstract


SOME EVALUATIONS ON THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF AHMET HİLMİ (From Plovdiv) ON HISTORICAL ISLAM IN THE WORK OF ISLAMIC HISTORY
OME EVALUATIONS ON THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF AHMET HİLMİ (From Plovdiv) ON HISTORICAL ISLAM IN THE WORK OF ISLAMIC HISTORY Today, since the methodology of history is well developed, historical material is no longer used without passing an examination through analysis, criticism and evaluation. The Ottoman intellectuals, particularly the historians, who looked to the West during the Tanzimat, began to use the new method in writing their works on the direction of developments in Europe, where they were culturally influenced. They have tried to place critical insight into the works that they have written as a means of mental transformation. While using works of classical period and evaluating their historians, they started to produce new works by using historical criticism method. Among them one is well known as Ahmed Hilmi from Plovdiv. In his book which was named “ Tarihi Islam (Historical of Islam), He has used a rather different approach then the usual understanding in the both general history as well as in the Islamic history. Although the manuscript was on the criticism on a European author, it is also very rich with information that can lead to be traced back to modern history in the field of history. He has opened a new era in the fields of “Historical Methodology” by using historical materials and writing history and named it as “by Knowledge and Science” . He emphasized the religious and historical direction of the history and said that it was not only political and administrative. He stated that the facts that have made a great influence on the religion and the religious Islamic society should be examined and criticized the narrations free from the suspicion and it is very important to reveal the facts. However, in doing so, he emphasized the importance of not confusing incidents with beliefs, and the traditional ideas should be revised with new methods.

Keywords
History,Islamic History, Methodology, Philistine Ahmed Hilmi, Tenkidî Historical Understan


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