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Abstract


THE CONTRIBUTION OF ANDALUCIA ISLAM CIVILISATION TO ANATOLIAN TURK-ISLAM CIVILISATION AND MUHYIDDIN ARABI
During XII and XIII century when Anatolia started to become a Turkish land, Endulus Islam Civilization was about its big time. The scientific studies had been made in Andalucía were laying the ground work of upcoming Renaissance and Reform movements. Some of the Andalucía and Magrip Scholars managed to achieve from West towards to East what Turkish conquerors had made from East to West. Pre-eminent of those who contributed that process were Muhyiddin Arabî and Afifüddin Tilimsanî and they came to Anatolia and made a great contribution to Turkization and Islamization of Anatolia. XII and XIII centuries were the critical periods in Turkization and Islamization of Anatolia. In order to understand that period correctly one should fully understand the Sufism of the era. One of the most important events of that time was Muhyiddin Arabî’s (ö. 1240) long and tiring expedition from Andalucía firstly to Egypt then to the Holy Lands following Anatolia over Syria consequently spreading his Sufism to this region. It can be assumed that there was great effect of his foreseeing that Andalucía would be lost by Muslims and he confounded wisdom with Turks’ sense of homeland. Muhyiddin Arabî was regarded himself as the last sufi saints and he carried his area from Europe to Africa and finally to Asia. The history showed how prophetic he was when Andalucía, where he had left to rout towards Anatolia, was conquered gradually by Christian reconquista. It was not possible for a person like Muhyiddin Arabî to feel sorry after understanding that situation. He wanted to set a barrier according to himself against the crusader attacks both towards Andalucía and from over Anatolia to Kudus and towards the attacks by Mongolians coming from the east. He carried Sufism from passive to active extent with the help of his ideology of Unity of Existence. It is wiser to look for why Sufism that led people to laziness in the ancient lands such as Iraq and Horoshan whereas it directed Sufism followers to jihad in Anatolia. It can be assumed that it was a result of in difference of his experience which brought him closer to the administrative in Anatolia while he had tried to stay away from the rulers in Andalucía. His that sorrowful experience of government led him such a change.

Keywords
Muhyiddin Arabî, Andalucía, Anatolia, Civilization, Unity of Existence.


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