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Abstract


937 PRESENT ANALYSIS SECULARISM SECULAR UNDERSTANDING THE MENTALITY OF THE BUREAUCRACY-STATE RELATIONSHIP OF THE AXIS CHANGES OF TURKEY
When it is taken into consideration that the two main institutions that have affected human life have always been "religion" and "state"; the significance of understanding these two institutions' relations with each other is even more obvious. Since the introduction of the republican regime in Turkey, the state of the basic qualifications, most discussions conducted on the principle of "secularism" has been. The fact that this concept is based on France, and that it differs according to the place, the time, and the meaning of this concept, has led to a new dimension of debate on this subject in our country. Therefore, the need for a sound and comprehensive analysis of this principle has increased day by day. Secularism, which allows different groups of believers to live together in a tolerant way, is a concept that has meaning together with democracy. After industrialization and the French Revolution, secularism, especially in the democratic countries of the constitutional guarantee, has prevented religious exploitation in a crucial moment, which has transferred the relationship between God and the servant in our day to a more private and individual space. Turkey, after much of the conflict or the secularization process experienced in the West is a country within the secularization process with a top-down model of modernization. Continuing this process experience with the Ottoman Turkey, made the wrong result in each period during the transition to secularism secularism has encountered a problem that shows itself in different ways. The problem continued from the establishment of the Republic to the day-to-day different forms. So, in order to be able to fully address the problem, what must be done is to subject the secularization or secularization process to a daily historical self-criticism from the past.

Keywords
Secularism, Turkey, secularism, Bureaucracy, State


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