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Abstract


IN THE BEGINNING OF XX. CENTURY A TRIBE LEADER IN BİTLİS: HACI MUSA BEY
Ottoman Empire witnessed major events in the early of XX. century with the end of XIX. century. Among the political and social developments in the country during this period, the resurgence of the tribes, which had been under the influence of Sultan II. Abdulhamid in previous periods, with the Hamidiye Cavalry Regiments, had an important place. The rebellion of the Armenian revolts, especially in Eastern Anatolia with the provocations of the great states, during the First World War, the tribes carried out important tasks against the Armenian-Russian troops. Among these tribes Hacı Musa Beg’s Huytu Tribe had an important place. The Tribe also played an important role in defending, freeing Bitlis from enemy occupation under the command of Mustafa Kemal Pasha. Hacı Musa Bey who summoned by Mustafa Kemal Pasha, at the beginning of the period of National Struggle, to the congress convened in Erzurum, but he did not participate because he was afraid that the tribes who were hostile to him would be evil. Although he did not attend the congress, he was elected as a member of the Heyet-i Temsiliya. In the early years of the republic, Hacı Musa Bey, who was claimed to have an influence in the preparation of the Sheikh Said Rebellion that erupted in the east, was also among the notables of the region he placed in Western Anatolia due to security measures.

Keywords
Bitlis, Tribe, Hacı Musa Bey, Mustafa Kemal Pasha


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