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Abstract


IMPORTANCE OF THE ORGANISATION OF ISLAMIC COOPERATION (OIC) AND THE REASONS OF ITS DYSFUNCTIONALITY ABOUT SOLVING OF THE REGIONAL SECURITY PROBLEMS
It’s witnessed that increasing of international problems by the rapid accretion of the number of independent states after Second World War. So, intergovernmental organizations (IGO) have gained importance to facilitate cooperation about solving of both regional and international problems. The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is one of the most important IGO because of the number of members and covering of most problematic area of the world. However, it’s criticized because of ineffectiveness and dysfunctionality in the regional disputes or conflict and resolving of the problems of its members. The main reasons for this are (a) member countries spread to the different security complexes (b) The member countries has different economic and political systems. So, there is no homogeneity between member countries, (c) All members has qualitative problems about politics and democratic values. Hence, the most of them occupy first rows in the failed states index (d) The most member prefering alliance from out of their region to ensure about their sovereignty and the national security, in related with the problems between neighbors. For these reasons, the OIC unable to solving regional problems and conflicts, and it become dysfunctional about realizing of the foundational principles of the organizational convention.

Keywords
Regional security, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, International Organisations, Islamic World


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