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Abstract


IMPORTANCE OF WATER IN BELIEFS AND RELIGIONS & ITS INFLUENCE ON ARCHITECTURE ALHAMBRA PALACE EXAMPLE
In almost all religions and beliefs water is the source of life, the main element of sacredness, of circumcision and physical purification. Committed to understand its existence and its creator, humankind targeted places nearby water to set living areas. The origin of life; water, has an influence on the formation and development of many civilizations. As it gives life to all living creatures, it has the capability to give life and to direct architecture as it can be observed from the usage of water in many architectural structures as an element of design. In this paper, Nasrid palaces, which is a part of Alhambra palace complex that have survived until today, has been chosen as a study topic; these palaces contributed Islamic thoughts in the sense of science, art, philosophy and civilization, also contributed in the formation of today’s European civilizations ideational infrastructure. Alhambra palace, which takes place in UNESCO’s World Heritage list, is one of the splendid Islamic architecture survived until today, located in Spain- Andalusia under dominance of Christianity away from the birth of Islam. As a result of this study, it has been observed that; Alhambra palace is one of the structures in which the influence of Islamic values and the sanctity of water elements in architectural structures are best implemented. This article was prepared on the basis of technical and photographing visits in addition to the literature research. In this study, it is intended to document the influence of water that is the source of life on architectural.

Keywords
Water, Belief, Islam, Architectural Design, Alhambra Palace.


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