ISSN:2149-083X

IBN AL-MU’TAZZ AND HIS LIFE AS A POET IN ART OF DESCRIPTION


Ibn al-Mu’tazz was born in the caliphate palace in Samarra in 861, which corresponds to the most glorious period of Abbasids in terms of science and literature. He was educated by Al-Muberrid, Abu’l-Abbâs, Sa‘leb, Abu ‘Alî al-Anezî and historian Belazurî that they are the most distinguished scholars in Islamic history, thanks to the opportunities offered by his family, especially his grandmother who is named Kabîha. He has thus a profound knowledge in many fields such as language, history, ahbâr, literature, poetry, kalam, astronomy, fiqh and hadith thanks to extra help that mentioned Scholars give him. He also tried to learn rarely used idioms, proverbs and words of wisdom from the Bedouins who came to Samarra and Saûdâ who is one of the distinguished scholars of Kufe. He thus benefited from the culture of both the ancient and the new. Despite a number of disasters, Ibn al-Mu’tazz succeeded in compiling a treasure of thought and culture that was not be vouchsafed anyone before him and became an authority in the field of poetry and literature owing to the masters of language and rhetoric. On the other hand, poets who have continued to write the desert-related issues since the period of Jahiliyya, have begun to describe everything materially and morally, such as gardens, flowers and trees out of the desert in the Abbasid period. They have brought some innovations and features to the art of description in poetry. As a result, the art of description in poetry has become one of the themes that have been renewed and broadly enlarged. Undoubtedly, Ibn al-Mu’tazz who was stated to be the best poet of her time due to her broad horizons and her creativity in poetry, had a great influence on the development of art of description in poetry. Ibn al-Mu’tazz's poems about art of description -while dealing with other themes- are regarded as one of the most wonderful poems of Arab poetry in terms of art, naturalness and pleasantness and fluency. Ibn al-Mu’tazz used unique similitude, creative forms and bright ornaments in his depictions. In addition, Ibn al-Mu’tazz who devoted his years to poetry, literature and cultural life without interfering with government affairs and politics, has compiled excellent works, especially poetry and literature. The most important one of his works is Kitâbu’l-Bedî‘, which he has handled the first meticulous and scientific study of bedî‘ arts.


Keywords


Abbas

Author : Harun ÖZEL - Faruk ÇİFTÇİ
Number of pages: 115-140
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/TIDSAD.30884
Full text:
The Journal of Turk-Islam World Social Studies
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