ISSN:2149-083X

THE PSYCHO-SOCIAL FUNCTION OF CONSENT IN MATURIDI


The word consent (rıda), which is used between Allah and the servant and pe-ople, has an important phonecyon in faith, words and behaviors. The great Turkish scholar al-Maturidi (d.333/944) sees assent as a psychological and so-ciological concept in the life of the individual. He says that it is a means of peace and happiness for man to do all his actions with consent as heart, word and behavior. Solid and healthy social life lives by mutual consent. The fa-mily is established by love on the basis of the mutual consent of men and women. There is consent in the background of psycho social elements such as agreement, shopping, worship, love, respect, trust. Consensual trade is consi-dered a legitimate way of earning because mutual consent is essential in com-mercial affairs. Consent is also examined in terms of the title of Allah’s will. Al-Maturidi, who criticizes the idea that consent and will are of the same natu-re and that ill-qualified acts are outside the will of Allah, he says that the divi-ne will is devoted to all acts of good and bad quality of the servant, and that consent is only for acts of good, and that Allah is not willing to commit evil acts of the servant. God does not approve of the bondman doing evil, prefer-ring blasphemy and disbelief. In accordance with his absolute justice and wis-dom, he responds to all the acts of good and evil that the servant does with his free will. Since the ultimate purpose of worship and servitude is to attain the pleasure of Allah, the good deeds of men are the means of gaining the pleasu-re of Allah, and evil deeds and sins cause his wrath. The consent of beings to one another is considered a moral quality and virtue as a means of peace and happiness. The concept of consent describes how and in what way human ac-tion should be, namely the prototype of the servant whom Allah wants, loves and consents to. In this study, the psycho social function of the concept of consent is examined according to al-Maturidi.


Keywords


Consent (Rıda), Willing, Love, Will, Al-Maturidi

Author : Osman ORAL
Number of pages: 64-84
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/TIDSAD.39324
Full text:
The Journal of Turk-Islam World Social Studies
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