ABSTRACT Azerbaijan, which occupies an important place in the history of Turkish Islam, has always been in the center of attention since the beginning of the middle Ages in the political and cultural sense. Geographically, the region, surrounded by territories from the North to Derbent, Zanjan in the South, the Caspian sea in the East, and the Caucasus mountains in the West, was also of great importance in this context, with its settlement on the historical Silk road. The territory under the rule of the pre-Islamic Sasanian Empire lost its political meaning, retaining its name only in the geographical sense. III. Continuing raids of Turkic-speaking peoples in the region since the century. It began to increase in the century. As a result, Iran has further strengthened border lines to counter the influx of Turkish peoples. Throughout the historical process, Azerbaijan, which fought for independence against colonial States, along with the spread of Islam, fell under the rule of the Arab Caliphate. Thus, the political and economic turmoil that has been going on in the region for many years was partially reduced during the Umayyad rule and began absolute domination in Azerbaijan, while political instability arose during the Abbasid rule. XX. since the second half of the century, studies based on the history of the middle Ages have become increasingly important in Azerbaijan. In particular, in this regard, the works prepared by the Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences and The Institute of history on subject research are of great importance. The scope of this work that we prepared was limited, and the political, social, and cultural life of Azerbaijan during the initial period of Arab domination was studied within the framework of local and Russian resources. Thus, from another point of view, events occurring during the specified period were evaluated with the inclusion of the partial description method.
history, Azerbaıjan, Arab Rule, local people, local sources, people of the region