Western countries realized rationalization and industrialization before Eastern societies. From 18th century onwards, Eastern societies have acknowledged that they are culturally lower than Western societies. In the late 19th century Eastern countries like Japan, Turkey and Russia have tried to modernize and develop in the context of Western models. The British model and the thoughts of the Classical School were at the top of the models taken by the Eastern countries from the West. The views of the German Historical School remained second. The economic sociology which emerged as a continuation of the German Historical School, has been an important field of economics. According to the approach of economic sociology , culture is an important variable which affects economic behaviors and models. The American society was able to make an industrial revolution with the Protestant culture and became a global power. After World War II, Japan succeeded to develop with Asian culture and value system. In this study, the relationship between culture, modernization and economics is briefly explained by referencing American and Japanese societies.
Economic Sociology, Culture, Modernization, Economics, Religion