In the process that started with the industrial revolution, Western societies quickly became rationalised and secularized. During this rapid, unsupervised brutal social transformation, violent social turbulances emerged. As a result of these violent social turbulances, it was noticed by the Western intellectuals that a social ethics as a moral science was needed. It is an inevitable fact that social life is an organic whole and includes moral dimension. Thus, social ethics based on Christian religion was developed in response to the social problems caused by modernism and capitalism in Western countries. For the development of social ethics, religious texts should be reinterpreted and adapted to today's conditions. With the industrial revolution, there have been great advances in science, technology, art and culture. Therefore, religious texts should be reinterpreted with a perspective based on progress and development. Social ethics based on religion includes the idea of progress, but it opposes the problems posed by modernism and capitalism. In this context, the separation of economics from theological sources and the emergence of social etics is briefly explained in the study.
Social Ethics, Walter Rauschenbusch, Cahit Tanyol, Economics, Theology